Directions (Q.Nos. 51-58) Read the following passage carefully and answer the questions given below it.
Capitalism is a great slave, but a pathetic master. This truth unfortunately gets lost in our chase for that elusive dream — especially in the West, the land that has been marketed as the land of the dreams _ the great Western dream, It’s the dream of being independent masters of our lives, of making big bucks and of being happy —even if that happiness is being bought by money which all of them chase out there. No doubt, the West, on its part has been fairly.successful in creating material comforts aplenty. It has improved the living standard of its average citizen.
However , it has been achieved as a result of more than 200 years of unbridled growth and exploitation and that is what has made the rest of the world mindlessly chase Westernism,not necessarily happiness or an ideal form of society.
All because the shop window looks very impressive and it has been marketed very well. But a deep look inside the shop tells a different tale. A different world lies behind, a world that is not quite visible to the starry eyed millions—for whom the Western way of life seems to be the ultimate dream.
Thus, we have Indians dreaming to become or to get married to an NRI and.Indian middle class fathers dreaming of their sons reaching the Bay area and landing tech jobs, unmindful of the second class life they end up leading in the West. What goes unseen and almost unheard is that the West also happens to be the land that is right amongst the top in terms of the number of divorces per thousand, the number of single parent families per thousand, the number of old people in old age homes, the number of suicides, homicides and.of course. the number of college/school shootouts.
And why not! After all, such societies are constantly driven towards higher profits and materialism. Expectedly, this materialism comes at a cost that the world is paying today. This is the reason why we have millions dying of curable diseases. is Africa and other underdeveloped countries, while the rich grow richer, Their growth will be reduced, if they were to start thinking of the poor. So, what do they do to justify their greed for more? They most shrewdly propagate and market a ridiculously primitive law of the jungle for our 21st century civilisation, the ‘Law of Survival of the Fittest!’ The interesting thing about material things is that they only think of happiness; how much happiness is always momentary in nature, Ergo, at this future, you feel you are the happiest person in the world, after buying your new car or flat screen TV and just a few days later, these are the very possessions that cease to make you happy.
While you chase the bigger car and spend that extra bit of the wealth, you intercept someone’s share of the daily bread and also sacrifice those who have the maximum power to make you happy–family emotions and love. Prolonged abstinence in feeling emotions finally destroys bliss and you don’t even realise when you’ve become a dry-eyed cripple ..„ and then you land up in a sermon workshop to find out the real meaning of life — or whatever these workshops are capable of explaining. The truth is that such workshops are also driven by merchants who cash in’on the dejected State of the people. a State created by their own fictional dreams. But by then its really too late.
By then you have made profits out of arms and engineered wars to keep that industry alive. You’ve sold guns across country at supermarkets and trade more profits. You’ve lobbied that guns should be made accessible to the common man and all for the sake of profits. This makes you realise one day that they are your own children who are in their one of the fire against the school goer, one who open fire at his schoolmates. This is the society that finally creates an emotionless monster, who gets satisfaction in killing innocent adults and children alike for no cause. no reason and for none, but himself, It is the utter destruction of spiritualism and the total focus on endless self-gratification. Where so many single parent families and divorces exist, it is impossible to bring up children or influence the killers, any better.
51. Who does the author hold responsible for the shooting spree in schools and colleges?
A. Lack of love and emotion in the society in general.
B. Increased focus on self-gratification even when it comes at the cost of innocent lives.
C. Deteriorating social structure leading to break up of families resulting in lack of moral development in children.
a. Only A b. only C c. B and C d. All of these e. None of these
52. Why does the author refer to the law of survival of the fittest as ridiculous?
a. This law is primitive and does not hold good for developed nations
b. The law is often used to justify the accumulation of wealth by a selected few
c. People from developing countries use it to rationalise their immigration to the Western countries
d. It does not lead to any material prOfits and material wealth •
e. None of the above
53. According to the passage, which of the following is a reason for poverty and hunger in underdeveloped countries?
A. Mindlessly chasing the Western way of living.
B. They have fallen prey to the idea of happiness through material comforts rather than love and emotional bond.
C. They do not have marketing techniques as good as the Western countries.
a. Only B b. Only C c. Only A d. B and C e. Not mentioned in the passage
54. Why do the ‘starry eyed millions’ harbor a wish to become an NRI?
A. They are driven towards higher profits and materialism.
B. They appreciate the Western way of life as it appears to them.
C. They have become emotionless and have lost any attachment to the motherland.
a. Only A b. Only B c. A and B d. Only C e. All of these
55. Why does author disregard the Western way of living even though an average citizen in the West enjoys better living standards?
a. Many Indians want to ape their lifestyle leading to a cultural dilution of their own traditions
b. The West has failed to market their lifestyle in an appropriate way
c. According to him the law of ‘survival of the fittest’ is now obsolete
d. It only looks forward to material comfort rather than happiness within
e. None of the above
56. What does the author mean by ‘intercepting someone’s share of daily bread’?
a. Hindering the process of marketing in underdeveloped countries by the developed countries
b. Denying material comfort to the Western world
c. Affecting the social life of those working towards material comforts only
d. Excess of wealth in Western world while people in poorer nations struggle for survival
e. None of the above
57. What does the author mean by ‘shop window of the West’ when he suggests to look inside the shop?
A. The sprawling supermarkets have been making profits out of inhuman activities.
B. To look closely at the existing societal structure rather than superficially appreciating the delusive dazzle.
C. To study their marketing techniques closely.
a. Only A b. Only B c. A and B d. B and C e. Only C
58. The author’s main objective in writing the passage is
a. to explain that consumerist societies have their own drawbacks which are overlooked by those who are blinded by its material glare
b. to explain how too many material comforts have improved the living standard of common man in the West
c. that young children should not be given access to guns and other ammunitions
d. all NRIs are leading unmindful, second class lives abroad
e. None of the above
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