401 Visigoths begin to attack the northern Italy.

406 Gunderic, King of the Germanic Vandals, attack towns and cities in Gaul.

407 Roman legions withdrawn from Britain; Picts, Scots and Saxons invade. The Saxons become rulers of the British Isles.

410 Goths attack Rome. Alaric lead the Asiatic Huns to attack the Roman Empire, sacking Rome in August. They introduce pants to the Roman Empire, which replace traditional togas.

414 Changra Gupta II dies.

421 Bahram V, Sassanid king, begins persecution of Christians. City of Venice is founded by Romans fleeing from Germans.

430 St. Augustine of Hippo dies as the Vandals besiege his city.

432 St Patrick returns to Ireland and confronts King Laoghaire who allows him to spread Christianity.

440 December 25th was not celebrated as the birth date of Christ until this year.

441 Anglo-Saxons, fleeing Huns advancing on northern Europe, invade Britain.

446 Vortigern leads Anglo-Saxon mercenaries and Britons against the Picts (from Scotland) and Scots (from Wales).

449 Angles and Saxons conquer Britain.

450 Conversion of Ireland to Christianity. (Missionary work started under Bishop Palladius 431, but most Irish people credit St Patrick with their conversion to Christianity.)

451 Attila the Hun (Hephthalite) crosses the Rhine into Gaul.

455 Vandals sack Rome with such ferocity that the word vandal will come to mean wanton destroyer.

466 Buddhists in China are persecuted by adherents of Confucianism

475 Emperor Ming is succeeded by his ten-year-old son, Emperor Shun.

476 The western Roman Empire ends when its last Emperor, Romulus Augustulus, is forced into retirement by German commander, Odoacer, who seizer power. (The eastern Roman Empire, the Byzantine Empire, centered in Constantinople, will continue until 1453.)

480 The Visigoths, whose capital is in Toulouse, extend their rule from the Loire River to Gibraltar.

481 Clovis I becomes king of the Salian Franks.

488 Zeno, emperor of the eastern half of the Roman Empire, sends Theodoric with an army of Germans across the Alps against Odoacer.

493 Odoacer is defeated by Theodoric, who becomes King of Italy.

496 Clovis baptized as Christian by St. Remy, bishop of Reims.