A “K-shaped recovery” refers to an economic recovery where different sectors, industries, or segments of the population recover from a recession or downturn at different rates or in different directions. The name “K-shaped” comes from the shape of the letter “K,” which represents the divergent paths of various groups.

In a K-shaped recovery, some segments of the economy or society experience a rapid and robust recovery, while others continue to struggle or even decline. This divergence can be observed in various aspects, including income inequality, job growth, stock market performance, and overall economic indicators.

For example, during the COVID-19 pandemic, the concept of a K-shaped recovery gained prominence. While certain industries like technology, e-commerce, and healthcare thrived and even grew stronger, sectors such as hospitality, travel, and retail faced significant challenges, with many businesses closing down and substantial job losses. As a result, wealth and income disparities between different segments of society were amplified, leading to a K-shaped pattern of recovery.

The K-shaped recovery has raised concerns about socioeconomic inequalities, as the benefits of economic growth are not distributed evenly among all groups. It highlights the importance of addressing disparities and implementing policies that promote inclusive growth to ensure that the recovery benefits a broader range of people and sectors.