1.After nine years, free trade discussions between India and the European Union will restart.

नौ साल बाद, भारत और यूरोपीय संघ के बीच मुक्त व्यापार चर्चा फिर से शुरू होगी।
8.On June 17, 2022, WTO members ratified a collection of trade agreements.

17 जून, 2022 को, विश्व व्यापार संगठन के सदस्यों ने व्यापार समझौतों के एक संग्रह की पुष्टि की।
2.The 7th Joint Consultative Commission meeting between India and Bangladesh was conducted in New Delhi.

भारत और बांग्लादेश के बीच 7वीं संयुक्त सलाहकार आयोग की बैठक नई दिल्ली में आयोजित की गई।
9.Sunil Chhetri moves up to fifth place among all international football goal scorers.

सुनील छेत्री सभी अंतरराष्ट्रीय फुटबॉल गोल स्कोररों में पांचवें स्थान पर पहुंच गए हैं।
3.Cambodia has produced the biggest freshwater fish ever captured.

कंबोडिया ने अब तक पकड़ी गई सबसे बड़ी मीठे पानी की मछली का उत्पादन किया है।
10.Since the One Nation, One Ration Card programme was introduced in Assam, it is now active throughout all of India.

चूंकि असम में वन नेशन, वन राशन कार्ड कार्यक्रम शुरू किया गया था, यह अब पूरे भारत में सक्रिय है।
4.June 21 is World Music Day

21 जून विश्व संगीत दिवस है
11.A Memorandum of Understanding between NPCI International and the French Lyra network.

एनपीसीआई इंटरनेशनल और फ्रेंच लाइरा नेटवर्क के बीच समझौता ज्ञापन।
5.India’s Permanent Representative to the UN will be Ruchira Kamboj.

संयुक्त राष्ट्र में भारत की स्थायी प्रतिनिधि रुचिरा कम्बोज होंगी।
12.From June 22 to June 26, Ambubachi Mela 2022 will be observed.

22 जून से 26 जून तक अंबुबाची मेला 2022 मनाया जाएगा।
6.The National Democratic Alliance (NDA), which is led by the BJP, will be running Draupadi Murmu for president.

राष्ट्रीय जनतांत्रिक गठबंधन (एनडीए), जिसका नेतृत्व भाजपा कर रही है, राष्ट्रपति पद के लिए द्रौपदी मुर्मू को चलाएगा।
13.IIT Jodhpur has created an indigenous metal 3D printer for the aerospace industry.

IIT जोधपुर ने एयरोस्पेस उद्योग के लिए एक स्वदेशी धातु 3D प्रिंटर बनाया है।
7.As on July 1, the government will no longer allow the use of single-use plastics.

1 जुलाई से सरकार सिंगल यूज प्लास्टिक के इस्तेमाल की इजाजत नहीं देगी।
14.The Indian women’s wrestling team won the Kyrgyzstan U-17 Asian Championship in 2021.

भारतीय महिला कुश्ती टीम ने 2021 में किर्गिस्तान अंडर-17 एशियाई चैंपियनशिप जीती।
After nine years, free trade discussions between India and the European Union will restart.

नौ साल बाद, भारत और यूरोपीय संघ के बीच मुक्त व्यापार चर्चा फिर से शुरू होगी।
On June 27 in New Delhi, the first round of official free trade talks between India and the European Union will start.

The primary goal of the free trade talks is to increase bilateral trade from $116 billion in 2021–2022 to $216 billion in five years.

Due to the free movement of Indian professionals and high tariffs on European farm products, free trade discussions between India and the EU were put on hold in 2013.

After the United States, the European Union is India’s second-largest commercial partner.

In 2021–2022, India’s exports to the European Union rose by 57% to $65 billion.

All three agreements will be negotiated simultaneously and concluded by India and the European Union.

India recently ratified free trade agreements with Australia and the United Arab Emirates (UAE).

A comprehensive trade agreement is being negotiated between India and the UK.
The 7th Joint Consultative Commission meeting between India and Bangladesh was conducted in New Delhi.

भारत और बांग्लादेश के बीच 7वीं संयुक्त सलाहकार आयोग की बैठक नई दिल्ली में आयोजित की गई।
A K Abdul Momen, the foreign minister of Bangladesh, and S. Jaishankar, the foreign minister of India, met separately.

Artificial intelligence, cyber security, start-ups, and fintech are among the new areas of collaboration being developed between India and Bangladesh.

Despite the difficulties posed by Covid-19, both India and Bangladesh’s foreign ministers stated that their nations collaborate closely in every field.

In terms of energy, capacity building, human relations, and multimodal connectivity, both nations’ collaboration has improved.

Additionally, both nations decided to strengthen their cooperation in the areas of information technology and cybersecurity, renewable energy, sustainable commerce, combating climate change, and disaster preparedness.

In South Asia, Bangladesh is India’s most significant trading partner. In 2020–2021, there was $10.8 billion in bilateral commerce between the two nations.
Cambodia has produced the biggest freshwater fish ever captured.

कंबोडिया ने अब तक पकड़ी गई सबसे बड़ी मीठे पानी की मछली का उत्पादन किया है।
Villagers in Cambodia have successfully caught the largest freshwater fish ever in the Mekong River.

It is a 300 kilogramme large stingray fish (661lb). It is 2.2m broad and 3.98m long.

A 646 lb (293 kg) Mekong gigantic catfish that was captured in Thailand in 2005 held the previous record.

A threatened species is the enormous freshwater stingray fish.

The third-largest and most varied fish population in the world is found in the Mekong. It runs through China, Myanmar, Thailand, Laos, Cambodia and Vietnam.
June 21 is World Music Day

21 जून विश्व संगीत दिवस है
World Music Day is observed on June 21st each year. Make Music Day is another name for it.

It is thought to inspire upcoming and inexperienced artists to perform.

“Music on the inter-sections” is the focus of this year’s World Music Day.

World Music Day received international recognition in 1997 after a charter was ratified at the European Festival of Music in Budapest.

French composer Maurice Fleuret, who served as the French government’s Minister of Culture, founded it.

More than 120 nations commemorate it. In parks, stadiums, and other public locations, people host free concerts.
India’s Permanent Representative to the UN will be Ruchira Kamboj.

संयुक्त राष्ट्र में भारत की स्थायी प्रतिनिधि रुचिरा कम्बोज होंगी।
She has been chosen to serve as India’s next ambassador and permanent representative to the UN.

She is now Bhutan’s representative for India.

She will take over from T.S. Tirumurti as India’s ambassador to the United Nations.
The National Democratic Alliance (NDA), which is led by the BJP, will be running Draupadi Murmu for president.

राष्ट्रीय जनतांत्रिक गठबंधन (एनडीए), जिसका नेतृत्व भाजपा कर रही है, राष्ट्रपति पद के लिए द्रौपदी मुर्मू को चलाएगा।
She formerly held the position of Jharkhand’s ninth governor from 2015 to 2021. She is an Odia native.

For the first time, according to BJP Chief JP Nadda, a female tribal contender has received preference.

The presidential election voting will take place on July 18, 2022.
The opposing candidate in the presidential election is Yashwant Sinha.

Draupadi Murmu would be the first tribal woman to hold the nation’s highest constitutional position if she were elected.
As on July 1, the government will no longer allow the use of single-use plastics.

1 जुलाई से सरकार सिंगल यूज प्लास्टिक के इस्तेमाल की इजाजत नहीं देगी।
From July 1, 2022, single-use plastic will be prohibited by the government.

The production, importation, stocking, distribution, sale, and use of single-use plastic products are all prohibited.

Plastic cutlery, sticks, packing/wrapping films, and other things are among the prohibited plastic products.

The use of plastic in sachets for the storage, packaging, or sale of gutkha, tobacco, and pan masala has also been outlawed by the government.

Manufacturers of beverages and business organisations have asked the government to permit a phase-out of plastic straws.

In addition to these actions, the CPCB gave e-commerce businesses instructions on how to gradually stop using single-use plastic goods.

The Central Pollution Control Board (CPCB) will oversee the nationwide ban on single-use plastic goods, while State Pollution Control Boards would oversee it at the state level (SPCBs).

The first nation to outlaw thin plastic bags is Bangladesh.
On June 17, 2022, WTO members ratified a collection of trade agreements.

17 जून, 2022 को, विश्व व्यापार संगठन के सदस्यों ने व्यापार समझौतों के एक संग्रह की पुष्टि की।
At the 12th Ministerial Conference in Geneva, the 164 WTO members agreed trade agreements.

The following lists the agreements’ specifics:

E-commerce WTO members have extended the embargo on imposing customs taxes on electronic transmissions, including streaming services, financial transactions, and corporate data flows.

Since 1998, there has been a moratorium. India originally disagreed with the prolongation.

Although the ban won’t end until the subsequent Ministerial Conference, it will, on March 31, 2024.

WTO Reforms:

By 2024, the WTO plans to have discussions on a dispute resolution mechanism that is fully operational.

Although there is disagreement about the specific reforms needed, all WTO members concur that it has to be changed.

Food Security:

WTO members decided formally not to impose export restrictions to the World Food Programme (WFP).

Pandemic Response: For a five-year period, developing nations may permit the manufacturing and delivery of an invention covered by a patent without the patent holder’s permission.

It is not necessary for the manufacturing to be primarily for the home market. As a result, more exports are allowed to guarantee equal access.

WTO members must consider and make a decision on whether to expand the waiver to cover pharmaceuticals and diagnostics within six months.

The TRIPS waiver is only applicable to vaccinations in the field of intellectual property.

It was required for treatments and diagnostics, insisted India, South Africa, and the other more than 60 nations.

Fishing:

The WTO members agreed to reduce the subsidies that fuel overfishing.

According to the agreement, WTO members are not allowed to provide any subsidies to boats or operators who participate in unreported, illicit, and unregulated fishing.

The WTO has only reached multilateral agreements on new international trade regulations twice in its 27-year existence, with the fisheries accord being the second.

At the Doha Ministerial Conference in 2001, WTO discussions on fisheries subsidies were initiated.

Developing nations will receive a two-year exception. At the subsequent Ministerial Conference, negotiations will go on to produce a more thorough accord.
Sunil Chhetri moves up to fifth place among all international football goal scorers.

सुनील छेत्री सभी अंतरराष्ट्रीय फुटबॉल गोल स्कोररों में पांचवें स्थान पर पहुंच गए हैं।
He accomplished this distinction by scoring his 84th goal against Hong Kong in the AFC Asian Cup qualifier.

He has now matched Ferenc Puskas of Hungary’s record.
Sunil Chhetri broke Pele’s record for most goals scored with 77 in October 2021.

In terms of active international players, Sunil Chhetri now ranks third in terms of goals scored. He is directly behind Lionel Messi and Cristiano Ronaldo.

Cristiano Ronaldo now holds the record for most goals scored with 117, while Lionel Messi is second with 86.
Since the One Nation, One Ration Card programme was introduced in Assam, it is now active throughout all of India.

चूंकि असम में वन नेशन, वन राशन कार्ड कार्यक्रम शुरू किया गया था, यह अब पूरे भारत में सक्रिय है।
The 36th State to implement this programme is Assam.

All 36 states and Union Territories in the nation have now effectively adopted the plan.

The programme has served 80 crore people in a short period of time.

To make the programme more fluid, the MERA RATION mobile application was released. 13 different languages are supported by this programme.

The One Nation, One Card programme:

Its goal is to make it possible for low-income migratory workers to purchase rice and wheat at any government ration shop across the nation.

There have been around 71 crore portable transactions since the scheme’s inception in August 2019.
A Memorandum of Understanding between NPCI International and the French Lyra network.

एनपीसीआई इंटरनेशनल और फ्रेंच लाइरा नेटवर्क के बीच समझौता ज्ञापन।
The Unified Payments Interface (UPI) and Rupay will be accepted in France thanks to the MoU.

Other nations that have so far implemented India’s UPI payment system include Singapore, the United Arab Emirates, Bhutan, and Nepal.

India conducts 5.5 billion UPI transactions per month, according to Union Minister of Communication Ashwini Vaishnaw.

India has been named the “nation of the year” by Vivatech 2020, the largest start-up conference in Europe.

The National Payments Corporation of India’s foreign division is known as NPCI International (NPCI).
From June 22 to June 26, Ambubachi Mela 2022 will be observed.

22 जून से 26 जून तक अंबुबाची मेला 2022 मनाया जाएगा।
At the Kamakhya temple in Assam, Ambubachi Mela is celebrated in June.

Guwahati is home to the Kamakhya Temple. It is a Hindu temple devoted to Kamakhya, the mother goddess. One of the 51 Shakti Peethas is thought to be this one.

Beginning on the seventh day of the Hindu calendar’s “Ashadh” month, the temple will be closed for three days.

A large fair is held at the temple on the 12th day, when the doors are opened.

Ambubachi translates to “spoken with water.” This shows that the ground is fruitful due to the rainfall anticipated this month.

During the festival season, all agricultural activity, including digging, ploughing, sowing, and transferring of crops, is prohibited. They stay away from prepared food.

The prasad is given out in two different forms: angodak, which is Sanskrit for “spring water,” and angabastra, which is Sanskrit for “cloth covering the body.”
IIT Jodhpur has created an indigenous metal 3D printer for the aerospace industry.

IIT जोधपुर ने एयरोस्पेस उद्योग के लिए एक स्वदेशी धातु 3D प्रिंटर बनाया है।
Researchers at the Indian Institute of Technology (IIT), Jodhpur, have created a metal 3D printer for use in aerospace, defence, and general engineering applications.

Every component of the metal 3D printer has been created and manufactured in India, with the exception of the laser and robot systems.

The project’s major objective is to lower the price of metal 3D printers and draw in a wider range of customers.

It can be applied to existing components for maintenance and material addition.

It has the first state-of-the-art variable spot size laser optics in India and can print three-dimensional metal components.
The Indian women’s wrestling team won the Kyrgyzstan U-17 Asian Championship in 2021.

भारतीय महिला कुश्ती टीम ने 2021 में किर्गिस्तान अंडर-17 एशियाई चैंपियनशिप जीती।
In Bishkek, Kyrgyzstan, the Indian women’s wrestling team won the under-17 Asian Championship with a total of eight gold medals.

India won the competition with a total of 235 points, comprising eight gold, one silver, and one bronze medals.

Japan secured second place with 143 points, while Mongolia placed third with 138 points.

Parwinder Singh won gold in the 80-kg division in the freestyle events, and Narender earned silver in the 71-kg division.

The tournament will conclude on June 26.
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