1.On June 29, 2022, International Day of the Tropics, the State of The Tropics Report 2022 was published.

29 जून, 2022 को ट्रॉपिक्स का अंतर्राष्ट्रीय दिवस, द स्टेट ऑफ़ द ट्रॉपिक्स रिपोर्ट 2022 प्रकाशित किया गया था।
8.The Cabinet Committee on Economic Affairs has authorised the deregulation of the sale of domestic crude oil.

आर्थिक मामलों की मंत्रिमंडलीय समिति ने घरेलू कच्चे तेल की बिक्री को नियंत्रण मुक्त करने को अधिकृत किया है।
2.To confront China, the US and its allies developed the “Partners in the Blue Pacific” project.

चीन का सामना करने के लिए, अमेरिका और उसके सहयोगियों ने “पार्टनर्स इन द ब्लू पैसिफिक” प्रोजेक्ट विकसित किया।
9.The Centralized Pay System “PADMA” was launched by the Indian Coast Guard.

केंद्रीकृत वेतन प्रणाली “PADMA” भारतीय तटरक्षक बल द्वारा शुरू की गई थी।
3.George Fernandes’ biography will be published in July 2022.

जॉर्ज फर्नांडिस की जीवनी जुलाई 2022 में प्रकाशित की जाएगी।
10.The government orders the formation of a five-person commission to examine the forest lands’ diversion.

सरकार वन भूमि के डायवर्जन की जांच के लिए पांच सदस्यीय आयोग के गठन का आदेश देती है।
4.ISRO will use the PSLV-C53 rocket to launch three Singapore satellites.

इसरो सिंगापुर के तीन उपग्रहों को लॉन्च करने के लिए PSLV-C53 रॉकेट का उपयोग करेगा।
11.Cybersecurity experts found a brand-new malware called “Hermit.”

साइबर सुरक्षा विशेषज्ञों ने “हर्मिट” नामक एक नया मैलवेयर पाया।
5.Maharashtra’s Chief Minister, Uddhav Thackeray, resigned.

महाराष्ट्र के मुख्यमंत्री उद्धव ठाकरे ने इस्तीफा दे दिया।
12.Prime Minister Narendra Modi will attend Alluri Seetharama Raju’s 125th birthday ceremony.

प्रधानमंत्री नरेंद्र मोदी अल्लूरी सीताराम राजू के 125वें जन्मदिन समारोह में शामिल होंगे.
6.Off the coast of Odisha, India successfully tested the high-speed expendable aerial target known as HEAT-“Abhyas.”

ओडिशा के तट पर, भारत ने हाई-स्पीड खर्च करने योग्य हवाई लक्ष्य का सफलतापूर्वक परीक्षण किया, जिसे HEAT- “अभ्यास” के रूप में जाना जाता है।
13.The MoU between Singapore and India for collaboration in science, technology, and innovation has been approved by the Cabinet.

विज्ञान, प्रौद्योगिकी और नवाचार में सहयोग के लिए सिंगापुर और भारत के बीच समझौता ज्ञापन को कैबिनेट द्वारा अनुमोदित किया गया है।
7.The India Center is established by Busan University of Foreign Studies (BUFS) to encourage activities at the university that are focused on India.

भारत पर केंद्रित विश्वविद्यालय में गतिविधियों को प्रोत्साहित करने के लिए बुसान यूनिवर्सिटी ऑफ फॉरेन स्टडीज (बीयूएफएस) द्वारा इंडिया सेंटर की स्थापना की गई है।
14.On June 28, 2022, NASA successfully launched the “CAPSTONE” mission.

28 जून, 2022 को नासा ने “कैपस्टोन” मिशन को सफलतापूर्वक लॉन्च किया।
1.On June 29, 2022, International Day of the Tropics, the State of The Tropics Report 2022 was published.

29 जून, 2022 को ट्रॉपिक्स का अंतर्राष्ट्रीय दिवस, द स्टेट ऑफ़ द ट्रॉपिक्स रिपोर्ट 2022 प्रकाशित किया गया था।
“Covid-19 in the Tropics” is the report’s title. Every year on June 29, people worldwide observe International Day of the Tropics.

The incredible diversity of the tropics is honoured on International Day of the Tropics.

At the same time, it draws attention to particular difficulties and chances that states in the Tropics face.
On June 29, 2014, the inaugural State of the Tropics Report was released.

In order to commemorate the publication anniversary of this report, the UN General Assembly passed a resolution in 2016.

The 29th of June was designated as International Day of the Tropics by this resolution.

40 percent of the world’s surface is made up of the Tropics. They make up over 80% of the biodiversity in the globe.
2.To confront China, the US and its allies developed the “Partners in the Blue Pacific” project.

चीन का सामना करने के लिए, अमेरिका और उसके सहयोगियों ने “पार्टनर्स इन द ब्लू पैसिफिक” प्रोजेक्ट विकसित किया।
To oppose China’s influence in the Pacific, the United States and its allies Australia, New Zealand, Japan, and the United Kingdom formed the “Partners in the Blue Pacific” programme.

It is a five-nation “informal mechanism” that will help Pacific island nations and strengthen diplomatic and economic connections.

The initiative’s participants have also declared their intention to “elevate Pacific regionalism” and forge closer links with the Pacific Islands Forum.

Through the “Partners in the Blue Pacific” programme, collaboration will be improved in the areas of connectivity and transportation, marine security and protection, health, prosperity, and education.

A deal between China and the Solomon Islands was reached in April 2022, which increased unease in the neighbourhood.
3.George Fernandes’ biography will be published in July 2022.

जॉर्ज फर्नांडिस की जीवनी जुलाई 2022 में प्रकाशित की जाएगी।
The Life and Times of George Fernandes, a biography of the author, will be published on July 25.

Rahul Ramagundam is the author. The journey of George Fernandes from the streets of Bombay to the halls of Parliament has been described.
4.ISRO will use the PSLV-C53 rocket to launch three Singapore satellites.

इसरो सिंगापुर के तीन उपग्रहों को लॉन्च करने के लिए PSLV-C53 रॉकेट का उपयोग करेगा।
On June 30, the launch vehicle will leave the Satish Dhawan Space Centre in Sriharikota.

The Department of Space recently established NewSpace India Limited, a public sector division, and PSLV-C53 is its second specifically designed commercial mission.

The four-stage, 44.4-meter tall rocket weighs 228.43 tonnes during liftoff.

The 365 kg DS-EO earth observation satellite, the 155 kg NeuSAR satellite, and the 2.8 kg Scoob-1 nano-satellite from Nanyang Technological University in Singapore are its main payloads.

Six nano-satellites will also launch into orbit, including two from commercial Indian space firms.
5.Maharashtra’s Chief Minister, Uddhav Thackeray, resigned.

महाराष्ट्र के मुख्यमंत्री उद्धव ठाकरे ने इस्तीफा दे दिया।
Prior to the state assembly’s vote on trust, Maharashtra’s Chief Minister Uddhav Thackeray announced his resignation.

After the Supreme Court declined to halt the floor test, which was to be conducted at the governor of Maharashtra’s behest, Bhagat Singh Koshyari, this judgement was made.

Uddhav Thackeray said that he will leave the Legislative Council as well.

The Maha Vikas Aghadi (MVA) administration in Maharashtra was experiencing a political crisis following a mutiny within the Shiv Sena party.

A state’s chief minister may resign and inform the governor.
6.Off the coast of Odisha, India successfully tested the high-speed expendable aerial target known as HEAT-“Abhyas.”

ओडिशा के तट पर, भारत ने हाई-स्पीड खर्च करने योग्य हवाई लक्ष्य का सफलतापूर्वक परीक्षण किया, जिसे HEAT- “अभ्यास” के रूप में जाना जाता है।
Off the coast of Odisha, the Integrated Test Range (ITR) in Chandipur has successfully conducted flight tests of the locally manufactured high-speed disposable aerial target known as “ABHYAS.”

The aircraft’s low-altitude performance, including maintained level and high maneuverability, was demonstrated during the test flight.

The ITR used a variety of tracking tools, including as radar and an electro-optical targeting system, to find the aircraft.

The “ABHYAS” was created and developed by the Aeronautical Development Establishment of the Defence Research and Development Organization (DRDO).
7.The India Center is established by Busan University of Foreign Studies (BUFS) to encourage activities at the university that are focused on India.

भारत पर केंद्रित विश्वविद्यालय में गतिविधियों को प्रोत्साहित करने के लिए बुसान यूनिवर्सिटी ऑफ फॉरेन स्टडीज (बीयूएफएस) द्वारा इंडिया सेंटर की स्थापना की गई है।
At Busan University, the Center will serve as the focal centre for all programmes pertaining to India.

Additionally, it will improve the university’s academic and cultural partnerships.

An MoU was also signed between the Swami Vivekananda Cultural Centre (SVCC) and the Busan University of Foreign Studies to promote cooperation in the fields of education and cultural exchange.

As the Center’s Honorary Director, Prof. Sun-cheol Lee of the BUFS Department of Indian Studies will lead the organisation.

The Center in BUFS will be self-funded; SVCC will supply the course materials and resource people.
8.The Cabinet Committee on Economic Affairs has authorised the deregulation of the sale of domestic crude oil.

आर्थिक मामलों की मंत्रिमंडलीय समिति ने घरेलू कच्चे तेल की बिक्री को नियंत्रण मुक्त करने को अधिकृत किया है।
The sale of crude oil from all exploration and production firms’ fields on the domestic market is now permitted.

Exports, however, will not be allowed. Royalties, cess, and other government fees will continue to be set consistently across all Contracts.

The Union Cabinet has also accepted the classification of the Coalition for Disaster Resilient Infrastructure (CDRI) as an international organisation.
9.The Centralized Pay System “PADMA” was launched by the Indian Coast Guard.

केंद्रीकृत वेतन प्रणाली “PADMA” भारतीय तटरक्षक बल द्वारा शुरू की गई थी।
Shri Rajnish Kumar, the Controller General of Defense Accounts, launched Pay Roll Automation for Disbursement of Monthly Allowances (PADMA) (CGDA).

The smooth and prompt payment of pay and allowances to members of the Indian Coast Guard would be made possible through PADMA.

It was created under the direction of the Defense Accounts Department, and the Pay Accounts Office Coast Guard, Noida would run it.

To offer one-stop pay accounting solutions for all organisations under the Ministry of Defense, the Centralized Pay System (CPS) has been launched.

Within the framework of the “Atmanirbhar Bharat” campaign, “PADMA” will promote the idea of a Digital India.
10.The government orders the formation of a five-person commission to examine the forest lands’ diversion.

सरकार वन भूमि के डायवर्जन की जांच के लिए पांच सदस्यीय आयोग के गठन का आदेश देती है।
A screening committee would be established in each State/UT, as per the Forest (Conservation) Rules, 2022, to examine proposals pertaining to the diversion of forest land.

The five-member group would meet at least twice a month and provide time-bound project advice to the state governments.

The committee will review each proposal that is submitted by state governments or Union Territories (UTs).

The committee will assess if the plan is comprehensive or not and look up the project’s position in relation to prohibited zones.

The notice also specifies the time range for reviewing various project types.

The district collector and conservator of forests would be members of the project screening committee, which will be led by a nodal officer.

Additionally, the establishment of an advisory committee at each of the integrated regional offices was suggested in the Forest (Conservation) Rules, 2022.

It will review the proposal in light of pertinent provisions and make recommendations regarding whether to approve or reject ideas.
11.Cybersecurity experts found a brand-new malware called “Hermit.”

साइबर सुरक्षा विशेषज्ञों ने “हर्मिट” नामक एक नया मैलवेयर पाया।
The government is using the app “Hermit” to send SMS messages to prominent individuals like as corporate leaders, human rights advocates, journalists, professors, and government officials.

Hermit was most likely created by Tykelab Srl and Italian spyware distributor RCS Lab.

Hermit is a form of modular spyware that conceals its evil skills among the downloaded files.

Hermit is extremely customizable malware that has the ability to send and gather data.

The Italian government previously employed hermit spyware in a 2019 anti-corruption investigation.

Malicious software known as spyware infiltrates a user’s computer or mobile device, gathers data from it, and distributes it to uninvited third parties.
12.Prime Minister Narendra Modi will attend Alluri Seetharama Raju’s 125th birthday ceremony.

प्रधानमंत्री नरेंद्र मोदी अल्लूरी सीताराम राजू के 125वें जन्मदिन समारोह में शामिल होंगे.
On July 4 at Bhimavaram, Andhra Pradesh, Prime Minister Narendra Modi will attend Alluri Seetharama Raju’s 125th birthday ceremony.

The statue of the liberation warrior Seetharama Raju will also be unveiled by him.
13.The MoU between Singapore and India for collaboration in science, technology, and innovation has been approved by the Cabinet.

विज्ञान, प्रौद्योगिकी और नवाचार में सहयोग के लिए सिंगापुर और भारत के बीच समझौता ज्ञापन को कैबिनेट द्वारा अनुमोदित किया गया है।
An agreement between the Singapore Ministry of Trade and Industry and the Indian Department of Science and Technology has been approved by the Union Cabinet.

For cooperation in the areas of science, technology, and innovation, a Memorandum of Understanding was signed in February 2022.

The MoU will contribute to the development of an ecosystem that will support innovation and entrepreneurship in both nations for the purpose of developing new technologies, training workers, and generating intellectual property.

The major goal of the MoU is to advance innovation and research in data science, emerging technologies, the green economy, and agriculture and food science and technology.

The Memorandum of Understanding will assist in product development and technology exchange for creating new businesses and jobs.
14.On June 28, 2022, NASA successfully launched the “CAPSTONE” mission.

28 जून, 2022 को नासा ने “कैपस्टोन” मिशन को सफलतापूर्वक लॉन्च किया।
Rocket Lab’s Electron rocket carried out the launch of the Cislunar Autonomous Positioning System Technology Operations and Navigation Experiment (CAPSTONE) mission.

In November 2022, the Capstone mission will make its lunar orbital deployment.

A specialised flight computer and radio will be carried by the CAPSTONE mission to do calculations and ascertain if the CubeSat satellite is on its orbital route or not.

To determine its location in space, the CubeSat satellite will use NASA’s Lunar Reconnaissance Orbiter (LRO).

Future spacecraft will be able to locate themselves without needing Earth-based tracking if CAPSTONE’s autonomous navigation software passes testing.
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