State of Rajasthan v. Shera Ram is a notable case in India related to murder. In this case, the accused, Shera Ram, was charged with murder under Section 302 of the Indian Penal Code (IPC) for killing his wife.

The prosecution presented evidence that the accused had strangled his wife to death with a piece of cloth. The accused claimed that his wife had committed suicide by hanging herself from the ceiling fan. However, the court found the accused’s version of events to be inconsistent and unreliable.

The court held that the accused had premeditated the murder of his wife and had committed the act with the intention of causing her death. The court found the accused guilty of murder and sentenced him to life imprisonment under Section 302 of the IPC.

This case is significant because it demonstrates the importance of proving mens rea (the intention or knowledge of wrongdoing) and premeditation when establishing a charge of murder. It also highlights the fact that the Indian legal system places a high value on the preservation of human life and the punishment of those who take it unlawfully.