1.The government has released new surrogacy-related regulations.

सरकार ने सरोगेसी से जुड़े नए नियम जारी किए हैं।
8.On June 23, 2022, the government presented the first-ever National Logistics Excellence Awards in New Delhi.

23 जून, 2022 को, सरकार ने नई दिल्ली में पहली बार राष्ट्रीय रसद उत्कृष्टता पुरस्कार प्रदान किया।
2.The G20 summits will be held in Jammu and Kashmir in 2023.

G20 शिखर सम्मेलन 2023 में जम्मू और कश्मीर में आयोजित किया जाएगा।
9.For the first time in Indian seas, scientists found four azooxanthellate coral species.

भारतीय समुद्रों में पहली बार वैज्ञानिकों ने चार अजूक्सैन्थेलेट प्रवाल प्रजातियों की खोज की।
3.For the January–March 2022 quarter, India’s current account deficit decreased to USD 13.4 billion, or 1.5 percent of GDP.

जनवरी-मार्च 2022 तिमाही के लिए, भारत का चालू खाता घाटा घटकर 13.4 बिलियन अमरीकी डॉलर या सकल घरेलू उत्पाद का 1.5 प्रतिशत हो गया।
10.The first gun control legislation in the previous 30 years was approved by the US Senate.

पिछले 30 वर्षों में पहला बंदूक नियंत्रण कानून अमेरिकी सीनेट द्वारा अनुमोदित किया गया था।
4.June 23, 2022, is International Widows Day

23 जून, 2022, अंतर्राष्ट्रीय विधवा दिवस है
11.Using a rocket that was made in-house, South Korea successfully launched its first satellite.

एक रॉकेट का उपयोग करके जो इन-हाउस बनाया गया था, दक्षिण कोरिया ने अपना पहला उपग्रह सफलतापूर्वक लॉन्च किया।
5.Along with India, Israel, and the United Arab Emirates, the US will host the first “West Asian Quad” Summit.

भारत, इज़राइल और संयुक्त अरब अमीरात के साथ, अमेरिका पहले “वेस्ट एशियन क्वाड” शिखर सम्मेलन की मेजबानी करेगा।
12.From Safdarjung station, Bharat Gaurav, a tourist train bound for Nepal, was launched off by Railways Minister Ashwini Vaishnaw.

रेल मंत्री अश्विनी वैष्णव ने सफदरजंग स्टेशन से नेपाल जाने वाली पर्यटक ट्रेन भारत गौरव को रवाना किया।
6.Ranjit Bajaj was chosen to lead the advisory body that would monitor how the AIFF operates.

रंजीत बजाज को सलाहकार निकाय का नेतृत्व करने के लिए चुना गया था जो निगरानी करेगा कि एआईएफएफ कैसे काम करता है।
13.June 23, 2022, is International Olympic Day.

23 जून 2022 को अंतरराष्ट्रीय ओलम्पिक दिवस है।
7.A donor conference involving China, India, and Japan will be held by the Sri Lankan government.

श्रीलंका सरकार द्वारा चीन, भारत और जापान को शामिल करने वाला एक दाता सम्मेलन आयोजित किया जाएगा।
14.According to a World Gold Council (WGC) study, India recycles gold at the fourth-highest rate.

वर्ल्ड गोल्ड काउंसिल (डब्ल्यूजीसी) के एक अध्ययन के अनुसार, भारत चौथी उच्चतम दर पर सोने का पुनर्चक्रण करता है।
The government has released new surrogacy-related regulations.

सरकार ने सरोगेसी से जुड़े नए नियम जारी किए हैं।
According to the new regulations, couples seeking to become parents through surrogacy must acquire general health insurance for the surrogate mother from an insurance provider or an IRDAI representative for a period of 36 months.

All pre- and post-pregnancy costs should be covered by the insurance coverage amount.

The government has also announced the qualifications and conditions for managing a surrogacy clinic.

Additionally, the government has warned against performing surrogacy treatments on the surrogate mother more than three times.

In the event of any complications during the surrogacy procedure, a surrogate mother may be permitted to have an abortion under the Medical Termination of Pregnancy Act, 1971.

According to the notification, there must be a minimum of one gynaecologist, one anaesthetist, one embryologist, and one counsellor in surrogacy facilities.

Commercial surrogacy is outlawed in India under the Surrogacy (Regulation) Act 2021, which also controls surrogacy in India.

In the practise of surrogacy, a woman conceives a child for an intended couple, delivers it, and then gives it to them.
The G20 summits will be held in Jammu and Kashmir in 2023.

G20 शिखर सम्मेलन 2023 में जम्मू और कश्मीर में आयोजित किया जाएगा।
For the overall organisation of G20 meetings, the J&K government has established a five-person high-level committee.

Piyush Goyal, the minister of commerce and industry, was chosen to represent India at the G20 in September 2021.

Beginning on December 1, 2022, India will preside over the G20. In 2023, India will host the inaugural G20 leaders’ conference.
For the January–March 2022 quarter, India’s current account deficit decreased to USD 13.4 billion, or 1.5 percent of GDP.

जनवरी-मार्च 2022 तिमाही के लिए, भारत का चालू खाता घाटा घटकर 13.4 बिलियन अमरीकी डॉलर या सकल घरेलू उत्पाद का 1.5 प्रतिशत हो गया।
The current account deficit for the quarter ending in December 2021 was USD 22.2 billion, or 2.6 percent of GDP.

According to the RBI, India’s current account deficit (CAD) increased to 1.2 percent of GDP in 2021–22 as a result of a larger trade imbalance. In FY2020–21, there was a 0.9 percent surplus.

From USD 102.2 billion in FY21 to USD 189.5 billion in FY22, the trade imbalance grew.

In comparison to the same period last year, goods imports totaled USD 618.6 billion in FY22.

A country has a current account deficit when the value of its exports of goods and services and other revenues exceeds the value of its imports of goods and services and other payments.
June 23, 2022, is International Widows Day

23 जून, 2022, अंतर्राष्ट्रीय विधवा दिवस है
The day of June 23rd is designated as International Widows Day.

Since 2011, the UN has observed June 23 as International Widows Day.

The UN designates June 23 as International Widows Day to highlight the perspectives and experiences of widows and to mobilise the particular support that they require.

The Loomba Foundation established International Widows Day.

On June 23, 2011, the United Nations observed the first-ever International Widows Day.

International Widows’ Day’s 2018 theme was “Invisible Women, Invisible Problems.”

This year’s subject is “Sustainable Solutions for Widows Financial Independence.”
Along with India, Israel, and the United Arab Emirates, the US will host the first “West Asian Quad” Summit.

भारत, इज़राइल और संयुक्त अरब अमीरात के साथ, अमेरिका पहले “वेस्ट एशियन क्वाड” शिखर सम्मेलन की मेजबानी करेगा।
As his first destination on his inaugural tour to West Asia, it will be inaugurated from July 13 to July 16 while Biden is in Israel.

India, Israel, the United States of America, and the United Arab Emirates will make up the four-nation group known as “I2U2.”

It will concentrate on improving trade, energy cooperation, and other forms of economic and political collaboration between the Middle East and Asia.

I2U2 was introduced in October 2021 by Secretary of State Antony Blinken.

In July 2022, the new alliance comprising India, Israel, the US, and the United Arab Emirates will conduct its inaugural “I2U2” online conference.
Ranjit Bajaj was chosen to lead the advisory body that would monitor how the AIFF operates.

रंजीत बजाज को सलाहकार निकाय का नेतृत्व करने के लिए चुना गया था जो निगरानी करेगा कि एआईएफएफ कैसे काम करता है।
Ranjit Bajaj has been nominated by the Committee of Administrators (CoA) as the head of the advisory council to monitor the operation of the All India Football Federation (AIFF).

Former I-League team Minerva Punjab FC owner Ranjit Bajaj will serve as the group’s leader, and Jaydeep Basu will be in charge of “media and communication matters.”

The Supreme Court ordered Praful Patel to retire last month because he had violated the National Sports Code’s age and tenure requirements.

Justice AR Dave, Dr. SY Quraishi, and Bhaskar Ganguly make up the three-person CoA that was constituted to take over the AIFF.
A donor conference involving China, India, and Japan will be held by the Sri Lankan government.

श्रीलंका सरकार द्वारा चीन, भारत और जापान को शामिल करने वाला एक दाता सम्मेलन आयोजित किया जाएगा।
Ranil Wickremesinghe, the prime minister of Sri Lanka, recently stated this in front of the legislature.

Sri Lanka is attempting to get aid from outside to get through the greatest economic crisis it has faced since gaining independence.
On June 23, 2022, the government presented the first-ever National Logistics Excellence Awards in New Delhi.

23 जून, 2022 को, सरकार ने नई दिल्ली में पहली बार राष्ट्रीय रसद उत्कृष्टता पुरस्कार प्रदान किया।
Piyush Goyal, the Union Minister for Commerce & Industry, presented prizes in 12 different categories.

Every year, the private sector in India’s logistics industry will be honoured with National Logistics Excellence Awards.

The National Logistics Excellence Awards were created with the intention of honouring Indian logistics service companies.

The following list includes significant 2021 National Logistics Excellence Award recipients.

DHL Supply Chain India Pvt. Ltd. is the best road freight service provider.

Adani Logistics Ltd. is the best rail freight service provider.
DP World is the best port service provider.

Transport Corporation of India Ltd. is the best warehouse service provider.

Adani Logistics Ltd. is the best infrastructure and service provider for logistics.

Sun Pharmaceutical Industries Ltd. receives the industry excellence award.
For the first time in Indian seas, scientists found four azooxanthellate coral species.

भारतीय समुद्रों में पहली बार वैज्ञानिकों ने चार अजूक्सैन्थेलेट प्रवाल प्रजातियों की खोज की।
The species of azooxanthellate corals found in the seas of Andaman and Nicobar Island are known by the names Truncatoflabellum crassum, T incrustatum, T aculeatu, and T irregulare.

Azooxanthellate corals do not have zooxanthellae and are found in gloomy environments. A tiny algae called zooxanthellae uses sunlight to produce energy.

Thalassas: An International Journal of Marine Sciences just released this paper.

With the use of global mapping, the study has revealed the morphological characteristics of the four species of flabelliids.

These four species were all discovered in the seas off of Australia and from Japan to the Philippines.

227 species of azooxanthellate scleractinian corals have been identified from the Indian Ocean region, according to a 2016 research by the Institute for Environmental Research and Social Education.
The first gun control legislation in the previous 30 years was approved by the US Senate.

पिछले 30 वर्षों में पहला बंदूक नियंत्रण कानून अमेरिकी सीनेट द्वारा अनुमोदित किया गया था।
The gun violence measure was passed by the US Senate with 65 votes in favour.

The House of Representatives must now approve the measure. For purchasers under 21, the law called for stricter background checks.

It includes a provision to set aside $2 billion for school safety initiatives and $11 billion for mental health services.

Additionally, it offers cash to encourage states to pass “red flag” legislation to take away weapons from those seen as threats.

It is the first time in recent memory that both Democrats and Republicans have backed reform proposals.

In the US, gun violence has claimed the lives of more than 20,900 individuals so far this year.
Using a rocket that was made in-house, South Korea successfully launched its first satellite.

एक रॉकेट का उपयोग करके जो इन-हाउस बनाया गया था, दक्षिण कोरिया ने अपना पहला उपग्रह सफलतापूर्वक लॉन्च किया।
With the aid of the first domestically produced Nuri rocket, South Korea has successfully launched a satellite.

South Korea is now the tenth nation to launch a satellite using its own technology.

On June 21, the Korean Satellite Launch Vehicle II (also known as Nuri) launched from the Naro Space Center.

The three-stage rocket propelled the satellite to its intended height, where it sent messages back to Earth informing the planet of its condition.

It is the second launch of the Nuri rocket from South Korea. Nuri achieved the required height in October 2021, but was unable to launch the satellite into orbit.

In 2013, a Russian rocket assisted South Korea in successfully launching its first satellite from its own grounds.
From Safdarjung station, Bharat Gaurav, a tourist train bound for Nepal, was launched off by Railways Minister Ashwini Vaishnaw.

रेल मंत्री अश्विनी वैष्णव ने सफदरजंग स्टेशन से नेपाल जाने वाली पर्यटक ट्रेन भारत गौरव को रवाना किया।
The Shri Ramayana Yatra will be completed in 18 days thanks to the Bharat Gaurav tourist train, which will connect India and Nepal.

It will cover the Ramayana circuit’s locations and cover over 8,000 kilometres.

Bihar, Uttar Pradesh, Maharashtra, Madhya Pradesh, Tamil Nadu, Karnataka, Telangana, and Andhra Pradesh would all be included in its path.

To highlight India’s extensive cultural, spiritual, and historical history, the Bharat Gaurav tourist train has been launched.

The façade of the carriages of these trains is decorated with a “Bharat Gaurav” or “Pride of India” kaleidoscope.

IRCTC is the first Indian organisation to provide a tourist rail link between India and Nepal.

One of the fifteen theme circuits selected for development under the Swadesh Darshan programme is the Ramayana Circuit.
June 23, 2022, is International Olympic Day.

23 जून 2022 को अंतरराष्ट्रीय ओलम्पिक दिवस है।
Every year on June 23rd, we celebrate International Olympic Day.

It is done to raise awareness of the advantages of participating in sports.

At the International Olympic Committee’s 41st session in 1948, Dr. Gruss presented the concept of World Olympic Day. In 1948, the inaugural International Olympic Day was observed.

The theme of this year’s International Olympic Day is “Together for a Peaceful World.”

Every four years, the Olympic Games are held. One of the world’s oldest athletic events is this one.
According to a World Gold Council (WGC) study, India recycles gold at the fourth-highest rate.

वर्ल्ड गोल्ड काउंसिल (डब्ल्यूजीसी) के एक अध्ययन के अनुसार, भारत चौथी उच्चतम दर पर सोने का पुनर्चक्रण करता है।
In 2021, India will recycle 75 tonnes of gold. China is the greatest recycler of gold in the world, according to the WGC report “Gold Refining and Recycling.”

168 tonnes of gold were recycled in China. Italy, which holds the second-place ranking with the recycling of 80 tonnes of gold, is placed after China.

With 78 tonnes of gold recycled in 2021, the US is in third position.

According to the analysis, India’s gold refining capacity expanded from 300 tonnes in 2013 to 1,500 tonnes in 2021 (a 500 percent increase).

According to the research, legal gold refining has grown while informal refining has decreased.

According to the research, the proportion of gold ore in all imports rose from 7% in 2013 to over 22% in 2021.

The research also mentions that India recycles around 8% of the world’s gold scrap.
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